The Scientific Article in the Age of Digitization

The Scientific Article in the Age of Digitization

Information Science and Knowledge Management, Band 11

von: John Mackenzie Owen

106,99 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 18.11.2006
ISBN/EAN: 9781402053405
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 265

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<P>This book outlines the consequences of digitization for peer-reviewed research articles published in electronic journals. It is argued that digitization will revolutionize scientific communication. However, this study shows that this is not the case where scientific journals are concerned. Authors make little use of the possibilities offered by the digital medium; electronic peer review procedures have not replaced traditional ones, and users have not embraced new forms of interaction offered by some electronic journals.</P>
1. The birth of the electronic journal In the autumn of 1987 Michael Ehringhaus and Bird Stasz of Syracuse U- versity launched New horizons in adult education, probably the very rst ref- 1 ereed scienti c journal to be published in electronic form ( g. 1. 1). The rst issue was sent over the Adult Education Network (AEDNET). The journal still 2 exists today. In March 1991 Ted Jennings of the University at Albany (State 3 University of New York) launched EJournal, described as an ‘electronic jo- nal concerned with the implications of electronic networks and texts’ ( g. 1. 2), coining the now popular term e-journal. The Online journal of current cli- cal trials, published from September 1991, has been described as the rst peer 45 reviewed electronic journal in medicine. How signi cant is the phenomenon of the scienti c electronic journaltoday, more than a decade and a half after its introduction? Over this period inf- mation and communication technologies (ICT) have been an important factor in the development of scienti c communication. Applications such as c- munication over digital networks (converging towards a single network – the Internet), the use of computerized systems for creating, storing and retrieving 1 The scienti c journal is also referred to as ‘scholarly’ or ‘research’ journal. We use the former term in this study. 2 Although no longer distributed over AEDNET but through the World Wide Web. The rst issue is now ? available at http://www. nova. edu/ aed/horizons/vol1n1.
INTRODUCTION.- 1 The birth of the electronic journal.- 2 The electronic journal ‘revolution’.- 3 Electronic journals: the issues.- 4 Studying digitization.- 5 Information Science.- 6 Theory.- 7 Methodology.- 8 Level of analysis.- 9 Outline.-
2. THE DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION.- 1 The historical perspective.- 1.1 The Scientific Revolution.- 1.2 The early impact of printing.- 1.3 The scientific societies.- 1.4 The scientific journal.- 1.5 The development of the electronic journal.- 2 The scientific journal.- 2.1 The structure of the scientific article.- 2.2 The evolution of the scientific article.-
3. THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION SYSTEM.- 1 Scientific communication.- 2 Models and metaphors.- 2.1 The conduit metaphor.- 2.2 The information chain.- 3 Early models.- 4 Transaction space.- 5 Continuum model.- 6 Functions of scientific communication.- 7 The author.- 8 From print to digital.- 8.1 The digital information chain.- 8.2 Systems based communication.- 8.3 Institutional repositories.- 9 Innovation of the scientific journal.- 9.1 Scholarly Communication Forums.- 9.2 The innovation chain.- 10 Complexity of scientific communication.-
4. THE DIGITIZATION OF INFORMATION RESOURCES.- 1 Introduction.- 2 The concept of digitization.- 3 Networked information.- 4 Dynamic information.- 5 Quasi-intelligent documents.- 6 The functional document.- 7 The ‘copy paradox’.- 8 The problem of authenticity.- 9 Reading, creating and control.- 10 Characterizing the digital article.- 10.1 The digital document.- 10.2 The digital scientific article.-
5. THE ELECTRONIC JOURNAL 1987-2004.- 1 Analytical framework.- 2 Research data.- 3 Results of the survey.- 3.1 Scientific fields and publication year.- 3.2 Submission formats.- 3.3 Publication formats.- 3.4 Multimedia.- 3.5 Data resources.- 3.6 Revision.- 3.7 Response.- 3.8 Customization.- 3.9 External hyperlinks.- 3.10 Functionality.- 3.11 Navigation.- 3.12 Peer review.- 3.13 Copyright.- 3.14 Editorialpolicies.- 4 Open Access journals.- 5 Evaluation.- 6 The impact of digitization.-
6. DIGITIZATION AND THE EVOLUTION OF SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION.- 1 Explaining development.- 1.1 The closure of scientific communication.- 1.2 An evolutionary view of scientific communication.- 1.3 The diffusion of innovations.- 2 The technology myth.- 3 Transforming scientific communication.- 3.1 The significance of the electronic journal.- 3.2 The illusion of new media.- 3.3 The shadow of the format.- 3.4 The epistemological position.- 4 The impact of digitization on scientific communication.- 4.1 The illusion of a revolution.- 4.2 The dynamics of change.- 5 Final conclusions.-
<p>In-depth study of electronic journals</p><p>Timely contribution to the ongoing debate about scientific publishing</p><p>One of the few empirical rather than speculative contributions to the field</p>

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