Jean-Fran ois Lyotard (1924-1998) was one of the previous century's most provocative thinkers. Can his work help us address the crisis currently facing the humanities? The dominant economic discourse sees the humanities as low-value, an irritation at best. Lyotard helps us to think against this pervasive dismissal of creative activity, not by defending the honor of the humanities, but by inviting critical practices which aggravate this irritation. Critical practices trouble what counts as critique, embrace incertitude, and listen for silenced voices. Twelve essays by artists and researchers take up Lyotard's invitation and begin to develop the idea of critical practice in the contemporary context. Three sections titled What resists thinking; Long views and distances and Why art practice? address contemporary concerns like affectivity, aesthetics, economic imperatives, militarism, pedagogy, posthumanism, and the closure of what in Lyotard's time was called "e;the West."e; Four short pieces by Lyotard intervene in and buttress the discussion: Apathy in Theory and Interview with Art Pr sent, here published in English for the first time, and Affect-phrase and The Other's Rights republished here to highlight his prescient concern for that which cannot be articulated.