This book offers a window into the mechanisms that drive events when countries with poor track records in environmental protection and low administrative capacity, join an organisation with ambitious environmental regulatory regimes, which include some of the highest environmental protections standards in the world.
This book examines the institutional building capacity in Romania after two decades of the development of the EU's environmental policy on elaboration, transposition, implementation, monitoring and institutional building. The book examines how Romania has fared as one of the least environmentally friendly EU member states, and poses the following questions. What are the limits of Europeanisation in the area of public policies? What is the reason why, despite the overwhelming public interest in environmental issues, and widespread agreement that urgent action to protect the environment and prevent catastrophic climate change are paramount, the pace of achieving the goals is remains slow. Why do policies fail?
This book brings together several case studies focusing on the evolution of environmental policies in Romania over the last twenty years, with a special focus on the post-accession period (2007 onwards). The book provides an analysis of policies, where progress is less than satisfactory, and examines why this is the case.
1. Introduction Arpad Todor, Florenta-Elena Helepciuc
2. Understanding Romanians’ opinion on environmental protection Arpad Todor
3. Improving access to drinking water Loredana Pana, Arpad Todor
4. Synthetic monitoring and assessment report on the management of forests and protected areas Florin Grădinariu
5. Waste management evolution after EU integration Arpad Todor, Florenta-Elena Helepciuc
6. Air quality: Regulating standard emission levels for public passenger transport Popa Costel
7. Car emissions: The evolution of first matriculation and the Scrappage programme in Romania Ioana Rusu, Oana Hrostea
8. Food waste: Implementing campaigns to raise awareness and reduce food waste among consumers Anca Gheorghică
9. Green public procurement Anca Bilan
10. Urban environmental policies Irina Saghin, Gavrilidis Athanasios
11. Developing the Augmentative Biocontrol Sector as an environmental policy Florenta-Elena Helepciuc
12. Administration of the Environmental Fund Arpad Todor
13. The evolution of the management of the Danube Delta biosphere Robert Udrea, Mihai Roxana
14. Romania’s capacity to plan and implement a sustainable development strategy Ion Oana
15. Conclusions Arpad Todor, Florenta-Elena Helepciuc
Todor Arpad is a university lecturer at the Faculty of Political Science within the National University of Political Studies and Public Administration (NUPSPA) where he is the coordinator of the Master in Environmental Studies and Sustainable Development. He also works at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as a public policy coordinator within the POCA project, Consolidating and promoting Romania's position as a relevant actor in decision-making processes at the European level. He obtained a P.h.D in Political and Social Sciences at the European University Institute and a P.h.D in Political Science at NUPSPA a master's degree in political communication and electoral marketing within the SNSPA, and a master's degree in political science within the CEU. He was the country coordinator in the Willing to pay? project coordinated by Sven Steinmo at the European University Institute. He was co-coordinator of the Romania team within the EUandi project (Voting Advice Application) at the European Parliamentary elections in 2009, 2014, and 2019. The project, coordinated by the European University Institute (funded by the European Commission), involves analyzing the political programs on several dimensions of electoral competition for electoral competitors. In 2013-2015 he was the Executive Coordinator of the Constitutional Forum.
Helepciuc Florenţa-Elena earned a BSc and a MSc degree in plant biotechnologies from the University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Bucharest and a Ph.D. in biology from the Institute of Biology of the Romanian Academy. Starting from 2006 Helepciuc Florenţa-Elena has been working as a researcher at the Institute of Biology of the Romanian Academy in projects concerning phytopathogens biocontrol, endangered, and rare species conservation, plant and microbial secondary metabolites, and published several articles in these fields. Recently she has been involved in projects concerning public policies for sustainable development and biodiversity.
Why, despite the urgency of environmental policy and widespread support for these policies, many states fail to achieve sustainable implementation?
What limits the speed and depth of Europeanisation in the field of environmental policies?
How can the administrative capacity to design and implement environmental policies be improved?
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